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Dry Bean Breeding Program
February 21, 2007

Prepared by:  Gonzalo Rojas-Cifuentes, Albert J. Vander Wal

Project Leader: Dr. Kenneth Grafton (up to December 2006); Dr. Juan Manuel Osorno (January 2007), Research Associate, Dr. Jean R. Gelin (up to September 2006); Research Associate, Dr Gonzalo A. Rojas-Cifuentes; Research Specialist, Albert J. Vander Wal

Objectives:  The objective of the dry bean breeding program at North Dakota State University is to develop high yielding, high quality bean genotypes adapted to the Northern Great Plains. This involves many characteristics of dry beans and different disciplines of research (e.g. genetics, pathology, physiology, nutrition etc.). The first priority is to improve pinto and navy market classes, but also black, great northern, red and kidney market classes are important part of our breeding program.

Locations and Trials:  During 2006 growing season 61 experiments and breeding material were planted at 5 locations in North Dakota, and at 2 locations in Minnesota.

North Dakota Locations and Trials:

Carrington

• Pinto Advanced Yield Trial (48 lines)

• Navy Advanced Yield Trial (14 lines)

• Black Advanced Yield Trial (12 lines)

• Great Northern & Reds Advanced Yield Trials (20 lines)

• Midwest Regional Performance Nursery (20 lines)

• F4 Plant Rows, Great Northern, Navys, and Blacks (3656 rows)

• F5 Plant Rows Pintos, Great Northerns, Reds, Navy’s and Blacks (1064 rows)

• F6 Plant Rows Great Northern, Reds, and  Blacks (1495 rows)

Johnstown

• Pinto Advanced Yield Trial (48 lines)

• Navy Advanced Yield Trial (14 lines)

• Black Advanced Yield Trial (12 lines)

• Great Northern & Reds Advanced Yield Trials (20 lines)

• Zn Navy Study (10 lines)

Forest River

• Pinto Variety Trial (18 lines)

• Navy Variety Trial (19 lines)

Hatton

• Pinto Variety Trial (23 lines)

• Navy Variety Trial (23 lines)

• Miscellaneous Variety Yield Trial (24 lines)

• Pinto Advanced Yield Trial (48 lines)

• Navy Advanced Yield Trial (14 lines)

• Black Advanced Yield Trial (12 lines)

• Great Northern & Reds Advanced Yield Trials (20 lines)

• Preliminary Yield Trial (37 lines)

• Zn Navy Study (10 lines)

• F4 Plant Rows Navys and Blacks (288 rows)

• F5 Plant Rows pintos, great northerns, reds, navys and blacks (624 rows)

• F2 Space Plant pintos, great northerns, reds, navys and blacks (717 rows)

• Space Plant Increase (64 rows)

Prosper

• Pinto Advanced Yield Trial (48 lines)

• Navy Advanced Yield Trial (14 lines)

• Black Advanced Yield Trial (12 lines)

• Great Northern & Reds Advanced Yield Trials (20 lines)

• Pinto Variety Trial (14 lines)

• Navy Variety Trial (14 lines)

• Miscellaneous Variety Trial (7 lines)

• Preliminary Yield Trial (37 lines)

• F4 Plant Rows Navys and Blacks

• F5 Plant Rows Pintos, Great Northerns, Reds, Navys and Blacks (624 rows)

Minnesota Locations and Trials:

Park Rapids

• Miscellaneous Variety Trial (12 lines)

• Kidney Preliminary Yield Trial (150 lines split into 3 trials)

Perham

• Miscellaneous Variety Trial (9 lines)

• Root Rot Nursery (240 lines)

Disease Testing:  During 2006, 120 lines were tested for anthracnose resistance, 80 lines were tested for common bean mosaic virus, NL-3 race resistance and 20 lines were tested for white mold resistance.

Winter Nurseries:  1786 F5 selections from F4 plant rows including pinto, navy, great northern, red, and black beans, 340 F3 selections from F2 space plants (great northern, navy and black beans) were sent to our nursery in Puerto Rico.

Results:

  A total of 1512 test plots of advanced and preliminary yield trials were harvested. In advanced yield trials 48 pinto, 14 navy, 12 black and 20 great northern and red bean lines were tested

  For the variety trials, 652 test plots were harvested, including pinto, navy, miscellaneous and kidney trials.

  More than 6500 single plant selections from breeding trials were made and harvested from F2 space plants and F4 plant rows.

  620 row selections from breeding trials were made and harvested from F5 and F6 plant rows.

  After many evaluations in several trials in and out of North Dakota, 2 pinto experimental lines are being considered for pre-release next summer.

Further Steps:

  15 elite pinto lines will be increased and screened for diseases at NDSU greenhouse facilities.

  Anti aging (seed coat color) pinto material from Idaho will be tested and include as a parent in our crossing block.


 

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Northarvest Bean Growers Association | 50072 East Lake Seven Road | Frazee, MN 56544
Ph: 218-334-6351 | Fax: 218-334-6360 | Email: nhbean@loretel.net