Less N.D. Seed Passes Field Certification
January 15, 2008
According to the North Dakota State Seed Department, less dry bean seed passed field certification this year. The department statistics show that 2,195 acres of dry beans seed passed field inspection in 2007, about 1/3 of the average of the last three years.
Harvested seed still must pass lab testing to be certified.
The number of acres that pass field inspection varies from year to year, says Steve Sebesta, deputy commissioner of the North Dakota State Seed Department.
Disease and weeds (eastern black nightshade) are the usual reasons for failing a field inspection, he says.
The 2007 product year was most similar to 2000-2002 when the average pass rate was approximately 20%, he says. The last four years we have averaged about 55% pass rate with a high of 82% in 2003.
North Dakota certification rules require that seed harvested from edible bean fields be tested for bacterial blight and anthracnose. The dome test for bacterial blight requires two pounds of seed and costs $60. The anthracnose test requires three pounds of seed and costs $70.
For more information, contact Sebesta at 701-231-5450 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
*Foreign matter other than broken seed may not exceed 0.50%.
**Objectionable weed seeds include those of buckhorn, dodder, hedge bindweed (wild morning glory), hoary alyssum, horsenettle, quackgrass, wild oats, wild vetch species, giant foxtail, wild radish, nightshade species, and cocklebur.
***The grower is responsible for having a bacterial blight test and anthracnose tes, performed by a seed department - approved laboratory, on the harvested seed of each field or seed lot of dry field beans. If seed from more than one field is blended or commingled prior to testing, a bacterial blight test and anthracnose test must be performed on each separate seed lot or sublot.
*Other varieties shall not include variants characteristic of the the variety.
**Prohibited noxious weeds include only field bindweed, leafy spurge, yellow starthistle, and Russian knapweed. The tolerance for prohibited or objectionable weeds, or both, will be determined by the inspector.
***Objectionable weeds include nightshate species and cocklebur.
+1. The grower shall isolate and not thresh within a one hundred-foot (30.5-meter) radius if all staked (flagged) plants. A grower must leave in place any stakes or flags by plants with blight-infected pods.
Source: ND State Seed Department