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Talkin' Beans
January 15, 2003

Spot red flags in sales pitches

Every winter, many new and/or unconventional crop input products pop up in the marketplace. Some work. Others dont. The challenge is to separate the two.

One tip off is how they are advertised, says George Rehm, University of Minnesota extension soils specialist. Certain words or phrases can be considered "red flags."

He says to be be cautious if:

  • A company claims a product will supply all micronutrients needed for crop production.
  • The product contains some growth promoting substance extracted from seaweed, or dead fish.
  • The product will stimulate root growth, growth that you cant see.
  • The product will create a "balance" of nutrients in soils. This is only important if you believe that "balance" is important.
  • Using the product allows for using lower rates of fertilizer and herbicides.
  • The product is so new that universities and county extension offices do not know about it.

Race 73 Athracnose identified

NDSU plant pathologists have identified the race 73 variety of anthracnose in the state of North Dakota.

Anthracnose was discovered in the state in 2001, and this year researchers were able to pinpoint the race.

Luis del Rio, NDSU plant pathologist, warns that this strain can infect the most commonly planted cultivars in North Dakota and Minnesota. Anthracnose can cause lesions on dry bean plants, can kill seedlings and results in significant losses in yield.

It is a serious problem in many parts of the world. Anthracnose is seed borne, so anthracnose-free seed has lessened its impact in the U.S.

The best way to control anthracnose is by prevention. "Since infected seeds are the most important sources of infection, using certified anthracnose-free seeds is probably the most important decision to make. If you know that you had anthracnose in your fields in the previous season, do not use bin-run seed.

"Topaz is the only pinto bean resistant to this strain of the pathogen. On the navy bean side, there are more options for producers. There are five varieties that proved to be resistant. The good news is that all varieties of kidney beans proved resistant."

Time to brush up on seed laws

Do you know which dry bean variety seed you cannot grow and sell yourself?

Heres the list, according to the North Dakota State Seed Department:

1) Plant Variety Protected -- Title V Option, can only be sold by variety name by a class of certified seed:

  • Arapaho
  • Bill Z
  • Crestwood
  • Mayflower
  • RS 101

2) Plant Variety Protected, can only be sold by owner with authorization of the owner:

  • Avanti
  • Drake
  • Foxfire

3) The following varieties are protected under the 1994 amendments of the Plant Variety Protection Act and do not fit under the exemption that allows a producer to sell to another producer, unauthorized or uncertified seed.

Title V Option -- PVPA 94:

  • Apache
  • Arthur
  • Black Knight
  • Frontier
  • Hatton
  • Maverick
  • Norstar
  • Raven

Protected, not Title V option -- PVPA 94:

  • Buster
  • Fargo
  • GTS 401
  • GTS 900
  • Navigator
  • Onyx
  • Remington
  • ROG 331
  • Voyager
  • Winchester

Special labels top priority

North Dakota Agriculture Commissioner Roger Johnson says obtaining federal approval for pesticides to combat new and emerging plant pests remains a top priority for the North Dakota Department of Agriculture (NDDA) as the 2003 growing season approaches.

"NDDA led the region in obtaining Section 18 exemptions for chemicals that growers needed in 2002 to protect their crops. I expect that new and emerging pests, as well as the needs of specialty crop producers,will result in as many or more exemption requests this coming year."

"EPA says they are pleased with North Dakotas proactive and comprehensive approach and with the quality of our exemption requests," Johnson says. "At the same time, they told us there will be increased pressure to quickly and completely document these requests in the future because their staff that handles these requests has been cut in half."

Rhizoctonia root rot in sugarbeets, wormwood in dry beans and nightshade species in potatoes are just some of the new and emerging plant pests facing North Dakota producers, Johnson says.

"In addition, producers of minor and specialty crops will undoubtedly be looking for products to protect their investment. For example, mustard production is on the increase, and since there are few products to protect mustard from wild oats and late-season weeds, growers will want exemptions or registrations for some products."

Many emergency pest problems from 2002 will most likely occur next year, and that repeat Section 18 requests will be submitted for those uses, Johnson says.

"The growers indicated that they were mostly pleased by the efficacy of the products for which we obtained Section 18 exemptions this year."

Johnson says he has been encouraged by the progress manufacturers have made in obtaining full EPA registration for products that have up until now been used under special exemptions. Such well-known products as Quadris fungicide and Spartan herbicide were registered for new uses in North Dakota this year.

"Prairie Fare" Features Beans

A nutrition column published by NDSU Extension Service features dry beans. "Prairie Fare," which is distributed to newspaper and magazines throughout Minnesota and North Dakota, provides readers background on dry bean nutrition and how dry beans fit into the food pyramid.

The column begins:

"Beans were thought to be unwholesome and others called beans "windy and hard to digest. Today we know that dry edible beans are not only wholesome, theyre downright healthy."

Beans In Martha Stewart Living

The October 2002 Martha Stewart Living featured a cranberry-bean salad as part of an article titled "An autumn picnic" on pages 218 - 227. It uses fresh cranberry beans, which some of the Northarvest growers should have in abundance.  It is a very interesting salad; using cranberry beans with bacon, butternut squash and broccoli rabe.  Any bitter green, such as spinach, could be substituted for the bitter taste the broccoli rabe adds.  The salad would be served hot. -- Lynne Bigwood, Northarvest Bean Growers Association home economist.


 

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Northarvest Bean Growers Association | 50072 East Lake Seven Road | Frazee, MN 56544
Ph: 218-334-6351 | Fax: 218-334-6360 | Email: nhbean@loretel.net