USDA crop report
September 01, 2003
USDA forecasts 19% production decline from 2002
U.S. dry edible bean production is forecast at 24.3 million cwt in 2003, down 19 percent from last year but 24 percent above two years ago.
Acreage adjustments since the June Acreage Report lowered planted acreage estimates 1 percent and reduced harvested expectations by 2 percent. Planted area is now estimated at 1.50 million acres, 22 percent below last year but 5 percent greater than two years ago. Harvested acreage is forecast at 1.42 million acres, down 18 percent from last year but 14 percent above 2001.
The average U.S. yield is forecast at 1,717 pounds per acre, a loss of 19 pounds from last year but 148 pounds more than two years ago. Production is expected to be below last year in 12 of the 18 producing states. These decreases are mostly the result of lower acreage. Michigan's production forecast is down 38 percent from 2002, while North Dakota's prospects are 17 percent below last year. Nebraska and Minnesota are down 15 percent and 16 percent, respectively. Colorado growers expect a 24 percent drop in production, while Idaho and California are declining 16 percent and 12 percent, respectively. Decreases in other states range from 46 percent in Washington to 5 percent in Texas and Wisconsin.
Planting in Michigan was delayed by cool, wet weather in early-June. By late-June, planting was complete. Growing conditions have been favorable and the crop was rated 62 percent good to excellent at the beginning of August.
North Dakota had cool, wet weather the first three weeks of May which delayed planting. Conditions improved during late-May into early-June and growers were able to finish planting by mid-June. Crop development is behind schedule due to the late start and below normal temperatures.
Nebraska's crop condition is good to excellent and the crop is progressing ahead of schedule.
The Minnesota dry bean crop condition was rated as 57 percent good to excellent as of August 1. Heavy rains and wet conditions have caused damage to the crop in some areas.
Idaho weather has been warmer than usual, with 17 days over 100 degrees, making it challenging for growers to keep up with water demands.
California growers report good overall growth. However, recent hot weather is stressing the crop. Conditions in Colorado have been hot and dry during July which hastened crop development ahead of schedule after a late start in June. The crop is currently in mostly good to excellent condition.
Growing conditions are also good in New York.
Oregon's weather has been warm and sunny with below normal rainfall. Texas is having a normal year with the biggest concern being the drought in the panhandle region.
In Utah, it has been extremely hot and dry during late-June and early-July. Recent rainfall should help the crop.
Washington's crop condition is mostly good to excellent at this time.
Wisconsin growers are experiencing dry weather.
The condition of Wyoming's crop is good although irrigation supplies are short to very short in over half the state.
U.S. planted area of black, navy, and pinto beans are down 52 percent, 45 percent, and 14 percent from last year, respectively.
Lima beans are up 3 percent for large but down 33 percent for baby. Kidney beans are up 6 percent for light but down 11 percent for dark.
Pink bean acreage is down 1 percent but small red is up 12 percent while chickpea (garbanzo) acreage has fallen 37 percent.
Small chickpea acreage is 9,500 acres while large chickpea acreage is 42,500 acres. This is the first year for these estimates which were added because of the 2002 Farm Bill.
Great Northern acreage is up 15 percent, while cranberry and small white are down 30 and 9 percent, respectively.
Blackeyes are up 5 percent.
Pinto beans make up 47 percent of planted dry bean acreage this year; navies account for 13 percent; blacks have 6 percent; kidney beans combine for 9 percent; and great northern take 7 percent. The remaining 18 percent are distributed among the other classes.
- Source: USDA
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