Canada Pulse Outlook and Situation Report.
January 09, 2004
Canada produced fewer dry beans in 2003 than 2002 and is facing price pressure from sharply higher ocean freight rates and the rise of the value of its dollar against U.S. and other currencies. But Statistics Canada forecasts that prices for Canadian dry beans will rise in 2004.
For most crops in western Canada, yields were below trend, due to delayed seeding, hot and dry weather, and insect damage, but higher than in 2002-03. For eastern Canada, trend yields are forecast. Harvesting was much quicker than in 2002-03 and significantly faster than normal, with the exception of dry beans in eastern Canada, which were harvested later than normal.
Crop abandonment was normal and crop quality is normal for dry beans, mustard seed, canary seed, sunflower seed and buckwheat, and higher than normal for dry peas, lentils and chick peas. In 2002-03, crop abandonment was much higher than normal and quality lower than normal for most pulse and special crops, due to wet weather in western Canada during harvest.
The main factors to watch are the exchange rate of the Canadian dollar against the U.S. dollar and other currencies, ocean freight rates, and growing and harvest conditions in major producing countries, especially in Australia, India, Pakistan, Mexico and Argentina.
Production and supply decreased moderately, as a 27% decrease in seeded area was partly offset by lower abandonment and record yields. Production decreased for white pea, red kidney and black beans, remain stable for pink beans, and increased for Great Northern, pinto, small red and cranberry beans. Exports are forecast to increase slightly and carry-out stocks are expected to be the same as in 2002-03, with a s/u ratio of 18%. U.S. production decreased by 21% to 1.04 Mt, due to lower seeded area. The average price, over all classes and grades, is forecast to increase due to lower supply.
Canada's bean production area is shown in brown. Canada produces many different types of beans including Navies, Great Northerns, Black Turtle, Pink, Dark Red Kidney, Light Red Kidney, White Kidney, Dutch Brown, Cranberry and Small Red. Other special types of beans are also produced in limited quantities.
Source: Statistics Canada