January 24, 2007
For the fiscal year 2006-2007, 25 percent of the Northarvest Budget was committed to research activities. Committee members reviewed 11 proposals and met with applicants to learn more about their research projects. The following nine projects were recommended to the board for approval and will receive a total of $215,228 from the Northarvest Bean Growers Association.
Northarvest continues to maximize efforts to increase dry bean crop yields.
Resistance Against Fusarium Root Rot of Dry Bean
Dr. Carl Bradley and Dr. Jack Rasmussen, Department of Plant Pathology, NDSU ($26,500)
Last year the team initiated a research project aimed at Fusarium root rot on dry beans. The eventual goal of this research is the development of germplasm and cultivars of dry bean with root rot resistance that are adapted to the Northarvest region.
Since proposed experiments require year-round growth of plants to maturity, including seed production, the majority of the funds will be used to pay student labor. A small amount will be used for travel and for greenhouse supplies.
Dry Bean Improvement for the Northern Plains
Dr. A. A. Schneiter, Department of Plant Sciences, NDSU ($127,500)
This has been a long-term program showing positive results. The objective of the program is to allow the dry bean growers of the Northern Plains to diversify into other market classes, thereby increasing the possibility of further exports. Breeding programs for dark and light red kidney, pink, small red, black, and great northern bean market classes are underway. In addition to these market classes small efforts have been placed on developing Flor de Mayo and Flor de Junio beans (two preferred bean classes in Mexico) and Central American reds (preferred in many countries in Central America as well as by immigrants from these countries in the U.S.)
Northarvest funds are used for daily operational expenses of the breeding program. The majority of funds are used to hire technical staff and student labor for plot maintenance during the summer; for harvesting, threshing, cleaning, and limited data collection in the fall; and to help prepare for planting and greenhouse work during the winter. Funds will also support a research associate and the winter nursery.
Dry bean research plots at the NDSU Research Extension Center in Carrington.
Experimental Herbicides and Desiccants in Dry Edible Beans
Dr. Richard Zollinger, Department of Plant Sciences, NDSU ($4,000)
Zollingers research will focus these areas to increase efficiencies in dry bean production: testing KIH-485 for dry bean tolerance, determine weed control and tolerance of halosulfuron to dry beans, determine rates and adjuvants for maximum dry bean desiccation from carfentrazone and also from an experimental compound.
Northarvest grant funds will be used for partial salary for a research specialist and for some travel expenses.
Development and Characterization of Omega-3 Fortified Extruded Bean Snacks
Dr. Mehmet Tulbek, NCI, NDSU and Dr. Clifford Hall, Department of Cereal Science, NDSU ($35,900)
The three objectives of this research are to develop a method for producing extruded snack products from omega-3 fortified dry bean flour; to assess the shelf life and sensory properties of the extruded bean snack products; and to establish an optimal production method for converting omega-3 fortified dry bean flour into an extruded snack food based on sensory feedback from potential consumers.
Tulbek and Hall believe If dry bean flour could be used as a raw material at 1% of all snack products, 65 million pounds of dry bean would be needed to supply the snack food industry.
Northarvest grant dollars will fund graduate student support, technical support from Northern Crops Institute, materials and supplies, equipment, travel, and data publication.
Dry Bean Stand Reduction and Defoliation Studies in Eastern North Dakota
Dr. Burton Johnson, Department of Plant Sciences, NDSU and Dr. Robert Henson, NDSU Carrington R/E Center ($3,750)
This three-year project will evaluate dry bean response to simulated hail damage, specifically stand reduction and plant defoliation reflective to the eastern North Dakota and western Minnesota dry bean production region. Johnson and Henson see benefits of their research results to the regions dry bean producers, dry bean industry, and crop insurance industry.
Funds will partially support undergraduate students to assist in seeding, tending of crops, harvesting, and cleaning and recording of plant and seed samples. Some funds will also be used for travel to study test-site.
Evaluation of Dry Bean Seed Treatments
Dr. Robert Henson, NDSU Carrington R/E Center ($750)
The results of this research project should provide current information on the need for dry bean seed treatment and the effectiveness of a broad spectrum of fungicides in controlling root diseases. In addition to currently-labeled products, a series of new fungicides with suspected effectiveness will be tested for efficacy.
Funding will be used for technical support in the preparation, planting, maintenance, harvest, and processing of samples as well as for travel to the experimental area and the cost of materials needed to conduct the experiment.
Resistance to White Mold in Dry Bean
Dr. Jack Rasmussen, Department of Plant Pathology, NDSU ($9,640)
Rasmussen has worked with Dr. Ken Grafton with Northarvest financial support to develop a long-term solution to economically damaging white mold. They continue to make progress toward their objective to develop white-mold resistant dry bean germplasm and cultivars for the Northarvest region.
The majority of Northarvest funds will continue partial support of the research associate who has worked with the program for several years. Some funds will offset travel and greenhouse expenses.
Grower Survey of Pest Problems, Pesticide Use, and Varieties in 2006
Dr. Carl Bradley, Department of Plant Pathology NDSU ($4,000)
Previous surveys have been delivered to producers using various methods with mixed response results. The 2006 survey will be mailed directly to Northarvest growers. In addition to other information, the responses should be useful in supporting research on variety improvement and providing information on major production problems. Funds will be used for printing, mailing, and data analysis.
Development and Characterization of Omega-3 Bean Paste
Dr. Mehmet Tulbek, NCI, NDSU ($3,188)
This project will research value added processing for dry edible beans with regards to improvement of nutritional components. Tulbek says, Bean paste is a staple food consumed as a ready to eat product in the U.S. However bean and bean products are deficient in terms of omega-III fatty acids. The process will use black and pinto beans for experiments and will also utilize equipment available at the Northern Crops Institute.
Funds will be used for technical support, the purchase of an oilseed press, research supplies for nutritional analysis and lab supplies.
Northarvest Bean plays a key role is supporting variety development
research in the field and in the greenhouse.